Problem Framing is a process, which occurs early in and throughout the practice of Engineering Design that involves outlining one’s mental interpretation of a problem situation by identifying the goals and essential issues related to developing a desired solution.
Ideation is the process of mentally expanding the set of possible solutions to a design problem in order to generate a large number of ideas, in hopes to then, find a better, and more innovative, resolution.
Prototyping is the process of transforming an idea into a form (physical or digital) that communicates the idea with others with the intention to improve the idea, over time, through testing and the collection of feedback.
Material Classification is the process of cataloging solid materials by their atomic and molecular characteristics and properties to aid in the selection of a suitable material for a particular application as well as the processes necessary for manipulating the materials in a suitable manner.
Casting and Molding are the processes that give materials shape by introducing a liquid material into a mold that has a cavity of the desired size and shape, and then, allowing the material to solidify before being removed from the mold.
Separating/Machining include the processes that give an object a desired form by removing excess materials which includes knowledge related to basic machine operations of (a) drilling, (b) cutting, (c) milling, (d) turning, (e) grinding, and (f) shearing.
Safety is the process of reducing the chance of injury or harm through thoughtful action and, in engineering settings, includes knowledge related to (a) laboratory guidelines and standards, (b) machine and tool safety, and (c) personal protective equipment and attire.
Computational Thinking is the process of dissecting complex problems in a manner to generate solutions that are expressed as a series of computational steps in which a computer can perform (Aho, 2012).
Computational Tools are the programs, languages, and computer applications that facilitate engineering tasks which includes (a) spreadsheet tools (e.g. Microsoft Excel), (b) system design tools (e.g. LabView), and (c) computational environments (e.g. MATLAB).
Data Collection, Analysis, & Communication is the process of gathering, recording, organizing, examining, interpreting, and sharing data from a variety of sources, such as experiments, design calculations, economic analyses, and statistical procedures, throughout an engineering project.
System Analytics is the process of investigating systems and calculating the way in which a system’s components interact with each other, how they function over time, and the way in which they operate within the context of larger technological and natural systems.
Workplace Behavior/Operations are the actions and activities of managing the internal functions of the business or organization in which one operates, following the appropriate rules of conduct and ethical guidelines, so that the entity runs as efficiently and honorably as possible.
Honoring Intellectual Property concerns protecting one’s work, and the work of others, to ensure that ideas, inventions, or innovations are not stolen, used without permission, or claimed as another’s work in order to uphold professional integrity in the creative pursuit that is engineering and design.
The Role of Society in Technological Development involves humanity's input in the decisions regarding the creation and implementation of technologies based on the predicted outcomes of its applications as well as the evaluation of its unpredicted outcomes.
Engineering-related Careers are the wide variety of occupations that require technical knowledge to design, assess, implement, use, sale, and/or maintain technologies across industries, which includes a range of jobs including, but not limited to, skilled production workers, technicians, engineering technologists, engineers, engineering managers, and engineering entrepreneurs.