Engineering Practices:
Engineering Design

Ideation

EP-ED-4

Engineering Performance Matrix

Ideation is the process of mentally expanding the set of possible solutions to a design problem in order to generate a large number of ideas, in hopes to then, find a better, and more innovative, resolution. Sophistication in this process requires knowledge related to (a) divergent thinking and brainstorming techniques, (b) convergent thinking methods (including functional decomposition which is the process breaking down the overall function of a device, system, or process into its smaller parts), and (c) employing visual-spatial abilities to convey ideas through sketching. This core concept is important to Engineering Design as this practice seeks to develop creative and innovative solutions to ill-structured and open-ended problems.

Performance Goal for High School Learners

I can successfully generate multiple, innovative ideas through both divergent and convergent thinking processes while communicating and recording ideas in two- and three-dimensional sketches using visual-spatial techniques.

BASIC

PROFICIENT

ADVANCED

DIVERGENT THINKING & BRAINSTORMING TECHNIQUES

I can explore possible ideas based on previous solutions related to my design problem.

I can propose unconventional ideas based on the context of my design problem.

I can create not only unconventional, but also promising ideas to my solution.

CONVERGENT THINKING METHODS

I can identify components that are made up by my design problem and possible solutions.

I can analyze and classify the components that are made up by my design problem and possible solutions.

I can organize a hierarchy of the components that are made up by my design problem and possible solutions.

CONVEYING IDEAS THROUGH SKETCHING (INCLUDING SPATIAL VISUALIZATION)

I can project three-dimensional products, structures, or system components with rough sketches.

I can describe my ideas of products, structures, or system components in terms of spatial concepts, such as area, volume, distance, translation, rotation, and reflection.

I can develop rough sketches of three-dimensional products, structures, or system components in the process of detailing, recording, and communicating my ideas.

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